i love animal crossing. especially the villagers.
i guess ive always understood why some villagers are more popular than others, but i’ve always found my favourite villagers through personal experience.
i adore barold, he’s one of my all time faves because he was one of my first villagers. i also adore marshal, not because hes popular or anything, i just remember thinking he was a cute villager (also one of my first) and not much else.
the thing is, i had just recently realised i was trans and one day when i was playing ac, i went up to talk to him wearing a new piece of clothing and he said something along the lines of ‘wow charles! you look super masculine in that! i love it’ and i had to put the console down because it made me cry happy tears and i guess what im trying to say is im feeling emotional in this dennys tonight and i love you marshal
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Vaccines that Spread: Corona Chronicle 8
By Arjuwan Lakkdawala
Ink in the Internet
There has been much talk about humans taking vaccines, without a doubt vaccines have through the years saved millions of lives. According to the CDC (Center for Disease Control) There are vaccines for 17 dangerous or deadly diseases. Perhaps the list hasn’t been updated because till the time I posted this article Covid 19 or its vaccine hadn’t been added to the list.
This is my 8th Chronicle about the pandemic, I thought I was done by the 7th. Thanks to widespread awareness especially about hygiene, masks, and social distancing, though it is shameful that humans needed an unprecedented pandemic to get them to wash their hands properly.
As a news observer I found everything is going in the right direction in combating this pandemic, but the debate and confusion surrounding vaccines got me to write again.
I stand by vaccines that have been properly tested and not made out of some rush, which might not make them as effective and safe as they should be.
To understand vaccines and their significance I thought it’s important to understand that vaccines exist naturally and the artificial lab made vaccines are only trying to imitate nature.
One example is the chicken pox, if you get it, you are automatically vaccinated against it so you never get it again.
The antivenom is different but still a brilliant example of how antibodies form to fight toxins.
Horses, or sheep, because they have robust immune systems are injected with a small amount of venom, and then the anti-bodies through bleeding are purified and harvested to make antivenom.
This method was first developed by French scientist Albert Calmette in 1895, and it hasn’t changed much.
A July 2020 paper by Scott L. Nuismer and James J. Bull on the Nature Ecology and Evolution website, speaks of
“vaccines that spread”
It goes to the root of the risk by zoonotic infectious diseases sporadically spilling over and causing epidemics.
The report says SARS-Cov-2 is just a recent example of how ineffective the world is at controlling infectious diseases.
Instead of vaccinating humans after an epidemic or pandemic, I think the report’s prevention method of self-disseminating vaccines is a better approach.
The idea is to make contagious vaccines, it can be made to spread through animals either by injecting them with the vaccin, which is infectious like a virus, or by applying the vaccine on an animal – bat for example and it spreads the vaccine as it comes into contact with other animals.
However, this aspiring concept is not without challenges as stated in the report. According to www.nature.com There are about 1,400 known species of human pathogens and they make up less than 1% of the microbial species on the planet, so predicting which of these is likely mutate to become an infectious disease to humans could require infinite research.
The report by Scott L. Nuismer and James J. Bull says using the self-disseminating vaccine to eradicate known viruses like the rabies, would still be a hard task, as the virus circulates between different animal reservoir species. But because effective wildlife vaccines exist. Achieving self-dissemination would be a good way to start in making its vaccine viral for distribution among different animal groups.
Copyright ©Arjuwan Lakkdawala 2021