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tigereyes45 · 2 months ago
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Watch "You Didn't Catch That?! - Episode 1 Squirrel Girl" on YouTube
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That's right the podcast I've been streaming on twitch with my friend is now on youtube too! We start off with squirrel but the topics go everywhere, really!
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sciencespies · a month ago
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Algae growing on dead coral could paint a falsely rosy portrait of reef health
https://sciencespies.com/environment/algae-growing-on-dead-coral-could-paint-a-falsely-rosy-portrait-of-reef-health/
Algae growing on dead coral could paint a falsely rosy portrait of reef health
Algae colonizing dead coral are upending scientists’ ability to accurately assess the health of a coral reef community, according to new work from a team of marine science experts led by Carnegie’s Manoela Romanó de Orte and Ken Caldeira. Their findings are published in Limnology and Oceanography.
Corals are marine invertebrates that build tiny exoskeletons, which accumulate to form giant coral reefs. Widely appreciated for their beauty, these reefs are havens for biodiversity and crucial for the economies of many coastal communities. But they are endangered by ocean warming, seawater acidification, extreme storms, pollution, and overfishing.
Coral reefs use calcium carbonate to construct their architecture, a process called calcification. For a reef to be healthy, its coral’s building activities must exceed erosion, a natural phenomenon that is exacerbated by all the environmental stresses to which human activity is exposing them.
“Coral reefs are dealing with so many simultaneous threats, many of which directly inhibit their ability to grow at a sustainable rate,” Caldeira explained. “If they can’t maintain a slow but steady amount of growth, they could get knocked out by rising sea levels in the coming years.”
However, Romanó de Orte and Caldeira’s research — with former Carnegie colleagues David Koweek (now at Ocean Visions), Yuichiro Takeshita (now at the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute), and Rebecca Albright (now at the California Academy of Sciences) — showed that if researchers only make measurements to assess coral health during the daytime, it could lead to false sense of security.
Why?
Because dead coral is often colonized by algal communities that can also accumulate carbonate minerals during the day. However, most of these deposits dissolve overnight, so the carbonate minerals do not accumulate over time. In contrast, living corals, , which have evolved to build massive carbonate reefs visible from space, can continue to build their skeletons, albeit slowly, even at night.
“It’s long been thought that measuring calcium carbonate production could be linked directly to the health of a coral community,” Romanó de Orte said. “But our findings show that as algae increasingly succeed in overgrowing dead coral, it is going to be more difficult to rely on a once tried-and-true method for assessing whether a reef community is thriving.”
To gain this critical understanding, the research team — which also included Tyler Cyronak of Nova Southeastern University, Alyssa Griffin of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, Kennedy Wolfe of the University of Queensland, and Alina Szmant and Robert Whitehead of University of North Carolina Wilmington — deployed specially designed, state-of-the-art incubator technology to closely monitor both coral and colonizing algae in an area of Australia’s Great Barrier Reef that had been heavily damaged by two tropical cyclones in 2014 and 2015. They were able to monitor both calcification and dissolution of carbonate minerals, as well as the organisms’ metabolic activity.
“This amazing tool allowed us to home in on the specific role that each organism has in an ecosystem’s total output, which gives us new insights into how reefs are changing” Romanó de Orte explained.
Story Source:
Materials provided by Carnegie Institution for Science. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.
#Environment
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aognews · 3 months ago
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Books of the Week - CNN - https://ajeeboghreeb.com/books-of-the-week-cnn/Books of the Week - CNN (CNN) —   02/07/2021 “Homeland Elegies” by Ayad Akhtar 12/20/2020 This week Fareed offered up not one book of the week, but five drawn from his books of the week this year, which might make for good presents this holiday season. They are: Fareed and the GPS team hope you enjoy them. 12/06/2020 “The Weirdest People in the World” by Joseph Henrich 11/22/2020 “A Promised Land” by Barack Obama 10/04/2020 “Ten Lessons for a Post-Pandemic World” by Fareed Zakaria 09/27/2020 “Which Country Has the World’s Best Health Care?” by Ezekiel Emanuel 08/23/2020 “The Great Leveler” by Walter Scheidel 07/12/2020 “The Precipice” by Toby Ord 07/05/2020 “Humankind” by Rutger Bregman 06/28/2020 “The Inevitability of Tragedy” by Barry Gewen 06/07/2020 “Just Mercy” by Bryan Stevenson 05/17/2020 “The World: A Brief Introduction” by Richard Haass & “The New Class War” by Michael Lind 05/03/2020 “Has China Won?” by Kishore Mahbubani 04/26/2020 “The Plot Against America” on HBO 04/05/2020 “The Defining Moment” by Jonathan Alter 03/29/2020 “Less” by Andrew Sean Greer & “East of Eden” by John Steinbeck 03/08/2020 “The Great Reversal” by Thomas Philippon 02/23/2020 “Trade Is Not a Four-Letter Word” by Fred P. Hochberg 02/16/2020 “The Decadent Society” by Ross Douthat 02/09/2020 “Erdogan’s Empire” by Soner Cagaptay 01/26/2020 “City of Thieves” by David Benioff 01/12/2020 “All the Shah’s Men” by Stephen Kinzer 01/05/2020 “A Good Provider Is One Who Leaves” by Jason DeParle 12/22/2019 “Impeachment: A Handbook” by Charles Black 12/15/2019 January 2020 issue of Foreign Affairs Magazine 12/08/2019 “Prisoners of Geography” by Tim Marshall 12/01/2019 “The American Story” by David Rubenstein 11/24/2019 “American Elections: Wicked Game” a podcast hosted by Lindsay Graham 11/17/2019 “The Invisible Bridge” by Rick Perlstein 11/10/2019 “Don’t Be Evil” by Rana Foroohar 11/03/2019 “Succession” an HBO series 10/27/2019 “Safe Enough Spaces” by Michael Roth 10/20/2019 “Impeachment” by Jon Meacham, Timothy Naftali, Peter Baker & Jeffrey A. Engel 10/13/2019 “Age of Ambition” by Evan Osnos 10/06/2019 “The Meritocracy Trap” by Daniel Markovits 09/29/2019 “Education of an Idealist” by Samantha Power 09/22/2019 “Talking to Strangers” by Malcolm Gladwell 09/15/2019 “On Writing” by Stephen King 09/08/2019 “The Song of Achilles” by Madeline Miller 08/25/2019 “Our Boys” a new series on HBO 08/11/2019 “The Professor and the Madman” by Simon Winchester 07/28/2019 “Democracy and Dictatorship in Europe” by Sheri Berman 07/21/2019 “The Guarded Gate” by Daniel Okrent 07/14/2019 “Leadership” by Doris Kearns Goodwin 06/30/2019 “A Gentleman in Moscow” by Amor Towles 06/23/2019 “The Conservative Sensibility” by George F. Will 06/16/2019 “The Island of the Day Before” by Umberto Eco, “Longitude” by Dava Sobel, “Circe” by Madeline Miller 06/09/2019 “War and Peace” by Nigel Hamilton 06/02/2019 “The Shadow War” by Jim Sciutto 05/26/2019 “Against the Rules” a podcast by Michael Lewis 05/19/2019 “A Thousand Small Sanities” by Adam Gopnik 05/12/2019 “World Without Mind” by Franklin Foer 05/05/2019 “Our Man” by George Packer 04/28/2019 “Working” by Robert Caro 04/14/2019 “Accidental Presidents” by Jared Cohen 04/07/2019 “Open” by Kimberly Clausing 03/31/2019 “Melting Pot or Civil War?” by Reihan Salam 03/10/2019 “The Third Pillar” by Raghuram Rajan’s 02/17/2019 “Billion Dollar Whale” by Tom Wright & Bradley Hope 02/10/2019 “A Foreign Policy for the Left” by Michael Walzer 02/03/2019 “Crude Nation” by Raul Gallegos 01/27/2019 “The Death of Truth” by Michiko Kakutani 01/13/2019 “Roma” a film by Alfonso Cuaron 12/16/2018 “Cultural Evolution” by Ronald Inglehart 2/09/2018 “21 Lessons for the 21st Century” by Yuval Harari 12/04/2018 “Presidents Under Fire: The History of Impeachment” (CNN documentary) 11/18/2018 “Revolution Française” by Sophie Pedder 10/07/2018 “Capitalism in America: A History” by Alan Greenspan and Adrian Wooldridge 09/30/2018 “Identity” by Francis Fukuyama 09/16/2018 “Detroit” (2017) directed by Kathryn Bigelow 08/19/2018 “Uncivil Agreement” by Lilliana Mason 08/12/2018 “The Summer Before the War” by Helen Simonson 08/05/2018 “Factfulness: Ten Reasons We’re Wrong About the World–and Why Things Are Better Than You Think” by Hans Rosling 07/22/2018 “The China Mission” by Daniel Kurtz-Phelan 07/15/2018 “Our Towns: A 100,000 mile journey into the Heart of America” by James & Deborah Fallows 07/01/2018 “East of Eden” by John Steinbeck 06/24/2018 “American Immigration: A Very Short Introduction” by David Gerber 06/17/2018 “Origin Story” by David Christian 05/27/2018 “Goodbye, Columbus” by Philip Roth 05/20/2018 “Breaking the Bee” a film directed by Sam Rega and produced by Chris Weller 05/13/2018 “Us vs. Them: The Failure of Global Capitalism” by Ian Bremmer 05/06/2018 “Fair Shot: Rethinking Inequality and How we Earn.” by Chris Hughes 04/22/2018 “How to Read a Book” by Mortimer Adler 04/15/2018 “Post Truth” by Lee McIntyre 04/08/2018 “The Death of Democracy” by Benjamin Carter Hett 04/01/2018 “The Ordinary Virtues” by Michael Ignatieff 03/11/2018 “Five Days in London, May 1940” by John Lukacs 03/04/2018 “How to Think” by Alan Jacobs 02/25/2018 “The Second Amendment: A Biography” by Michael Waldman 02/18/2018 “Trumpocracy” by David Frum 02/11/2018 “How Democracies Die” by Steven Levitsky and Daniel Ziblatt 02/04/2018 “White Working Class” by Joan C. Williams 01/28/2018 “Twilight of the Elites” by Christopher Hayes 01/21/2018 “The Road not Taken” by Max Boot 01/14/2018 “Devil’s Bargain” by Joshua Green 01/07/2018 “Kings and Presidents” by Bruce Riedel 12/17/2017 Fareed’s 10 Books, Movies and TV shows of the Year 12/10/2017 “Rescue” by David Miliband 12/03/2017 “The Vanity Fair Diaries” by Tina Brown 11/19/2017 “Red Famine: Stalin’s War on Ukraine” by Anne Applebaum 10/29/2017 “Novitiate” a film from Sony Pictures Classics 10/22/2017 “Leonardo da Vinci” by Walter Isaacson 10/08/2017 “The Remains of the Day” by Kazuo Ishiguro 10/01/2017 “The Vietnam War” by Ken Burns and Lynn Novick for PBS 09/24/2017 “27 Articles” by T. E. Lawrence 09/17/2017 “Unaccustomed Earth” by Jhumpa Lahiri 08/20/2017 “The Once and Future Liberal” by Mark Lilla 07/23/2017 “Superfast Primetime Ultimate Nation” by Adam Roberts 07/16/2017 “VICE Special Report: A World In Disarray ” by VICE on HBO 07/09/2017 “Seven Brief Lessons on Physics” by Carlo Rovelli 07/02/2017 “I Am Not Your Negro” a documentary from Magnolia Pictures 06/25/2017 “The Retreat of Western Liberalism” by Edward Luce 06/18/2017 “Churchill & Orwell: The Fight for Freedom” by Thomas E. Ricks 06/11/2017 “Destined for War: Can America and China Escape Thucydides’s Trap?” by Graham Allison 06/04/2017 “Start the Week Podcast” by BBC Radio 05/28/2017 “Can’t We All Disagree More Constructively?” by Jonathan Haidt 05/14/2017 “Do I make Myself Clear? Why Writing Well Matters” by Harold Evans 05/07/2017 “The Islamic Enlightenment” by Christopher de Bellaigue 04/23/2017 “Homo Deus: A Brief History of Tomorrow” by Yuval Noah Harari 04/16/2017 “Hit Maker: The Science of Popularity in an Age of Distraction” by Derek Thompson 04/09/2017 “Easternization: Asia’s Rise and America’s Decline” by Gideon Rachman 04/02/2017 “On Tyranny” by Timothy Snyder 03/19/2017 “The Body Builders: Inside the Science of the Engineered Human” by Adam Piore 03/12/2017 “War in European History” by Michael Howard 02/26/2017 “Commander in Chief: FDR’s Batle with Churchill, 1943” by Nigel Hamilton 02/12/2017 “The Best and the Brightest” by David Halberstam 02/05/2017 “The Undoing Project” by Michael Lewis 01/15/2017 “A World in Disarray: American Foreign Policy and the Crisis of the Old Order” by Richard Haass 01/08/2017 “Deutschland 83” airing on SundanceTV 12/18/2016 “In Defense of a Liberal Education” by Fareed Zakaria 12/11/2016 “Shoe Dog” by Phil Knight 12/04/2016 “Thank You for Being Late: an Optimist’s Guide to Excelling in the Age of Accelerations” by Thomas L. Friedman 11/27/2016 “Who Are We?: The Challenges to America’s National Identity” by Samuel Huntington 11/20/2016 “The Man Who Knew: The Life and Times of Alan Greenspan” by Sebastian Mallaby 11/13/2016 “Hillary Clinton and the Populist Revolt” by George Packer in the New Yorker 10/30/2016 “The Conservative Heart” by Arthur Brooks 10/16/2016 “The Populist Explosion” by John Judas 10/02/2016 “His Final Battle: The Last Months of Franklin Roosevelt” by Joseph Lelyveld 09/25/2016 “The Fix” by Jonathan Tepperman 09/04/2016 “The Underground Railroad” by Colson Whitehead and “Sapiens” by Yuval Harari 08/14/2016 “Hillbilly Elegy” by J.D. Vance 08/07/2016 “ISIS: A History” by Fawaz Gerges 07/31/2016 “Eye in the Sky” a film by Bleeker Street Media #Books #Week #CNN
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